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Archive for December, 2013

Xenophon’s Cyropaedia and Persian Oral History: Part Three

See also the Blog Page for Parts One and Two Cyrus’ Peaceful Death The vast majority of classical authors concur that Cyrus died in battle against the Central Asian nomads living beyond the northeastern frontier of his empire. The Cyropaedia (8.7.2–28) goes against the grain by ascribing to the conqueror a peaceful death. The common […]

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Xenophon’s Cyropaedia and Persian Oral History: Part Two

Cyrus’ Campaign to Armenia Given the nature of our information about Cyrus, great consideration is due to those events about which Herodotus, Ctesias, and Xenophon all agree. Xenophon’s account (2.4.18ff) of the punitive expedition that Cyrus led against the Armenians on behalf of the Medes thus deserves special attention. There is a consensus among the […]

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Xenophon’s Cyropaedia and Persian Oral History: Part One

Synopsis: Xenophon’s Cyropaedia is a complicated work, but evidence exists that certain details are likely derived from one or more Iranian oral traditions distinct from those preserved in the works of other classical authors. Xenophon himself admits familiarity with Iranian oral traditions concerning Cyrus, and such traditions may underlie his accounts of Cyrus’ paternal lineage, […]

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Source: http://www.cyropaedia.org/2013/12/